America 18/70

Cleveland, Ohio

We took the Greyhound bus to Cleveland.

Our suitcase trundle to a city centre hotel zig-zagged through street caverns of even more monumental buildings than we had seen elsewhere.Cleveland

Guess who built this one?Cleveland

I have included some retro-research on Rockefeller that may be of interest:  “In 1855, at age 16, he found work as an office clerk at a Cleveland commission firm that bought, sold and shipped grain, coal and other commodities. (He considered September 26, the day he started the position and entered the business world, so significant that as an adult he commemorated this “job day” with an annual celebration.) In 1859, Rockefeller and a partner established their own commission firm. That same year, America’s first oil well was drilled in Titusville, Pennsylvania.”

Cleveland’s position on Lake Erie, the Erie Canal and later railroads stimulated its growth as a transhipment point for lumber, copper, coal and farm produce. Here is another example illustrating the successful combination of individualism and commercial enterprise in the ‘land of opportunity.’ The Rose Building still stands and is now the HQ of Medical Mutual of Ohio.

Rose building – Built by Benjamin Rose, the Cleveland meat packer who pioneered shipping meat by refrigerated railway cars.

Everyday life for the people of  Cleveland was improved by the sponsorship of  libraries by Andrew Carnegie, another self-made industrialist who led the expansion of the American steel industry.

The mobile library service for ‘workers with little or no leisure time.’

We caught this exhibition on show in the fantastic Central West library.

The American Library by Yinka Shonibare.

After World War 2, the fortunes of Cleveland followed the familiar economic decline and dereliction endemic to the Rust Belt. But fortunately, some visionaries in the 1980s proposed a revitalisation strategy. We took a  guided cultural and architectural tour which revealed some of the ‘gems’ – old and new.Cleveland

Re-purposed industrial building with trendy community garden.
The Arcades, one of America’s first indoor shopping mall 1890, known as the Crystal Palace.

And no visit to Cleveland would be complete without a visit to…

We had a ball…

Model Stuka airplane used during The Wall shows in 1980 and 81, which Paul saw at Earls Court, London